Flipper Zero Firmware
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Unit tests


Unit tests are special pieces of code that apply known inputs to the feature code and check the results to see if they are correct. They are crucial for writing robust, bug-free code.

Flipper Zero firmware includes a separate application called unit_tests. It is run directly on Flipper devices in order to employ their hardware features and rule out any platform-related differences.

When contributing code to the Flipper Zero firmware, it is highly desirable to supply unit tests along with the proposed features. Running existing unit tests is useful to ensure that the new code doesn't introduce any regressions.

Running unit tests

To run the unit tests, follow these steps:

  1. Compile the firmware with the tests enabled: ./fbt FIRMWARE_APP_SET=unit_tests updater_package.
  2. Flash the firmware using your preferred method, including SD card resources (build/latest/resources).
  3. Launch the CLI session and run the unit_tests command.

NOTE: To run a particular test (and skip all others), specify its name as the command argument. See test_index.c for the complete list of test names.

Adding unit tests


Entry point

The common entry point for all tests is the unit_tests application. Test-specific code is placed into an arbitrarily named subdirectory and is then called from the test_index.c source file.

Test assets

Some unit tests require external data in order to function. These files (commonly called assets) reside in the unit_tests directory in their respective subdirectories. Asset files can be of any type (plain text, FlipperFormat (FFF), binary, etc.).



Each infrared protocol has a corresponding set of unit tests, so it makes sense to implement one when adding support for a new protocol. To add unit tests for your protocol, follow these steps:

  1. Create a file named test_<your_protocol_name>.irtest in the assets directory.
  2. Fill it with the test data (more on it below).
  3. Add the test code to infrared_test.c.
  4. Build and install firmware with resources, install it on your Flipper and run the tests to see if they pass.

Test data format

Each unit test has three sections:

  1. decoder - takes in a raw signal and outputs decoded messages.
  2. encoder - takes in decoded messages and outputs a raw signal.
  3. encoder_decoder - takes in decoded messages, turns them into a raw signal, and then decodes again.

Infrared test asset files have an .irtest extension and are regular .ir files with a few additions. Decoder input data has signal names decoder_input_N, where N is a test sequence number. Expected data goes under the name decoder_expected_N. When testing the encoder, these two are switched.

Decoded data is represented in arrays (since a single raw signal may be decoded into several messages). If there is only one signal, then it has to be an array of size 1. Use the existing files as syntax examples.

Getting raw signals

Recording raw IR signals are possible using the Flipper Zero. Launch the CLI session, run ir rx raw, then point the remote towards Flipper's receiver and send the signals. The raw signal data will be printed to the console in a convenient format.